1. Переписать и перевести текст на русский язык:
Fundamental subjects of mechanical engineering include: dynamics, statics, strength of materials, hydraulics, kinematics, and applied thermody-namics. Mechanical engineers should understand and be able to apply con-cepts from the chemistry and electrical engineering fields.
Engineers in this field design, test, build, and operate machinery of all types; they also work on a variety of manufactured goods and certain kinds of structures. The field is divided into machinery, mechanisms, materials, hydraulics, and pneumatics; and heat as applied to engines, work and energy, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The mechanical engineer, there-fore, must be trained in mechanics, hydraulics, and thermodynamics and must know such subjects as metallurgy and machine design. Some mechani-cal engineers specialize in particular types of machines such as pumps or steam turbines. A mechanical engineer designs not only the machines that make products but the products themselves, and must design for both econ-omy and efficiency. A typical example of modern mechanical engineering is the design of a car or an agricultural machine.
2. Написать перевод профессиональных терминов на английский:
mechanical engineer — ___________________
automotive engineering — ___________________
engineering solutions — ___________________
automobile — ___________________
vehicle — ___________________
machinery — ___________________
dynamics — ___________________
statics — ___________________
hydraulics — ___________________
strength of materials — ___________________
kinematics — ___________________
applied thermodynamics — ___________________
mechanism — ___________________
efficiency — ___________________
3. Ответить на вопросы на английском:
1. What is engineering?
2. What types of engineering do you know?
3. Why do mechanical engineers use such principles as heat, force, and the conservation of mass and energy?
4. What subjects must the mechanical engineer be trained in?
5. Are there any disadvantages of the car invention?